P19 Effectiveness-Integrity Counterbalancing in Times of Crisis: what have we learned from the Covid-19 Pandemic?

Corresponding Chair

Caio César de Medeiros-Costa. University of Brasilia – UnB and Brazilian Society of Public Administration – SBAP. PhD in Public Administration and Government. E-Mail caiocosta@unb.br

Review Group Chair

Karina Furtado Rodrigues. Brazilian Army Command and General Staff College and Brazilian Society of Public Administration – SBAP. PhD in Administration. E-Mail karinafrodrigues@gmail.com


Ana Cláudia Farranha. University of Brasilia – UnB - Law School (UnB/FD). PhD in Social Sciences

Temístocles Murilo de Oliveira Júnior. Brazilian Office of the Comptroller General – CGU and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – UFRJ. PhD in Public Policy.


The Covid-19 pandemic resulted in pressures on public health and made room for economic disruptions and misinformation. It also exposed many cases of wrongdoing, which have exacerbated the tensions between effectiveness and integrity in the public sector and increased the need for counterbalancing these values. As a massive emergency, such context has imposed the need for rapid emergency responses from public service providers, which generated sub-optimal provision for beneficiaries, the loosening of external and budgetary control, with many challenges for transparency. Almost three years since the first cases and efforts to face the pandemic that shook governments and societies, we must ask ourselves again about what we have learned that is new and valuable to rethink the binomial ‘effectiveness-integrity’ counterbalancing in times of crisis.

The panel seeks both theoretical and empirical contributions that tackle relevant discussions about the dilemmas faced to counterbalancing the binomial ‘effectiveness- integrity’ in times of crisis, especially but not exclusively related to the Covid-19 pandemic. Recommended topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

    1. The speed of events requires speed of reflection and response. On both poles, the balance between effectiveness and integrity is central to examining problems and alternatives, defining priorities and formulating, implementing, and monitoring policies. How have governments acted considering the need to balance effectiveness and integrity in the context of the covid-19 pandemic?
    2. To what extent do national and subnational policies on crisis and disaster management consider effectiveness and integrity as a subproduct of their actions? The public policy, together with the public governance literature highlight the need of taking integrity, transparency and the creation of indicators to measure effectiveness into account since the very beginning of the formulation of policy. Is it a reality? If these mechanisms are present, did governments comply with them?
    3. Almost three years since the first cases and efforts to face the pandemic, a time marked by political, economic, and social disruptions, misinformation, and corruption scandals that have shaken governments and societies, it is time to ask ourselves what we have learned that is new and valuable to rethink about effectiveness-integrity counterbalancing in crisis. What are the effects of government measures in the context of the pandemic to balance effectiveness and integrity?
    4. The pandemics caused inequalities and vulnerabilities in access to public services. It is important to understand how the actions for transparency and integrity answer the requirements in a sense to minimize and offer information about these topics. How the government produces information and data about inequalities and vulnerabilities in a pandemic context? Is it possible to identify good practices in this matter?

Submissions must be based on abstracts of 500 words exclusively through the IRSPM conference system. We welcome papers in a range of formats. The panel organization refers to standard presentations (10/15 min) followed by session discussions.